Dental implants are usually made from titanium, but that doesn’t mean titanium is necessarily the best choice. In fact, more and more people are becoming aware of the benefits that come with zirconia implants.
If your dentist gives you the opportunity to choose, here are just five reasons to pick zirconia implants over titanium implants.
Not many people are allergic to titanium, but it’s still possible for the body to react poorly to a titanium implant. This may result in pain, discomfort, or even chronic fatigue syndrome. In any case, the implant will probably need to be removed, which isn’t a possibility you really want on the horizon. Zirconia is non-allergenic, so it doesn’t present the same risk.
As a metal, titanium is relatively good at conducting heat, and that can be a problem if you suffer from oral sensitivity. Of course, the false tooth itself won’t feel sensitive, but the titanium implant can transmit temperature changes to the surrounding jawbone or remaining natural teeth. Zirconia is a type of ceramic, making it non-conductive.
- One-Piece System
A one-piece implant uses the same piece for the false tooth and the anchoring point. A two-piece system uses separate pieces for the root and false tooth. In general, one-piece systems are superior since no bacteria can penetrate the connection point. Zirconia implants are almost always one-piece systems.
One reason why zirconia implants are usually fitted as one-piece systems is because zirconia is white. As such, it blends naturally and looks just like normal tooth and bone. Titanium is a dull grey, and that greyness can show through the gum line, especially if your gums are on the thin side.
Finally, zirconia is entirely non-corrosive. Titanium isn’t as prone to corrosion as some metals, but the risk is still there, and it’s going to be a potential problem since corrosion will gradually weaken the material. It’s a very rare problem, but it’s still one well worth taking into consideration.